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Cannabis 101

THC & CBD

What is THC?

Don’t be deterred by its long name, Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC (pronounced Tetra-hydro-canna-bin-ol) is the most famous member of the cannabinoid family. It’s the molecule responsible for binding with your brain’s CB1 receptor and creating an intoxicating effect. THC content is lab tested as a percentage of total plant volume. For instance, the government has capped the strongest available cannabis flower at 15% THC, meaning that 15% of the plant is made up of tetrahydrocannabinol. This measurement is similar to the way beer is labelled as 5% alcohol; the rest is simply water, hops and yeast. 

Dig deeper:

THC is a phytocannabinoid that interacts within our ECS to help relieve symptoms associated with different conditions, including:
• Loss of appetite
• Cancer
• Neuropathic pain and
• Dystonia
THC has been shown to interact with our G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptor, CB1 and modulates the CB2 receptor in our ECS.

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Still confused? Check out this video to help you understand better

THC and CBD—along with a number of other cannabinoids and terpenes—work together synergistically to treat illness. For a more in depth look medical application, visit our Medical Cannabis page here.

What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a non-intoxicating phytocannabinoid (plant produced cannabinoid) found in cannabis, which doesn’t produce the ‘high’ associated with THC. Remember when we said that you have cannabis receptors throughout your whole body, including your digestive track, spleen, liver, stomach and nervous system? Well, CBD is one of many cannabinoids quickly stealing popularity away from THC, because it doesn’t bind to CB1 receptors, which means you don’t get ‘high’. Instead, CBD binds to CB2 receptors in your body, making it ideal for anti-inflammatory and therapeutic applications. Most notably, CBD has been proven to help with Parkinson’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis and other auto-immune diseases. Plus, there’s no scientific evidence that it is addictive.

Dig deeper:

Cannabidiol interacts naturally with our ECS as a partial agonist to CB1 and CB2 receptors, by stimulating serotonergic receptors. Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, is seen with higher CBD numbers than Cannabis indica and has been shown to have numerous, additional medicinal benefits. This, of course, isn’t to say that CBD can’t be found in a THC-high chemovar, but THC:CBD ratios are quickly becoming a popular topic, compared to just THC content, given the additional benefits CBD can offer users.

CBD has the capacity to be used effectively for:
• Pain relief
• Anti-inflammation
• Anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) and Anticonvulsant effects

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With CBD, you can experience the benefits of cannabis without the high

Although CBD does not contain THC, it still requires a medical prescription in New Zealand. For a more in depth look at CBD and it’s many benefits and uses, visit our CBD page here.

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