This is the oldest delivery vehicle for cannabis medicine known to man and predates our knowledge of apples (Okay, we admit that is a weird fact, but we’re sticking with it). Tincture is also often refer to as oil and for the most part are interchangeable. Traditionally, tinctures where made from saturating cannabis in alcohol, which would release some of the cannabinoids, and then reduce the alcohol down until the mixture was mostly cannabis extract. Modern man has become much more crafty and now uses fancy extraction methods to produce tinctures.
Tinctures are also often mixed with somewhat fatty oils, because your body recognises and processes cannabinoids easier when their in a fatty substance. This is also true for edibles, which is why the THC effect is diminished when you have an empty stomach. Its the opposite of alcohol
The two most common are butain and C02 extraction. Butain and C02 are both “sticky” molecules, which can lock onto cannabinoids and “pull them” off of the plant. The Butain and carbon dioxide are later flushed off, leaving just the cannabinoids and terpenes. Isolates then seperate each of these elements using mass spectrometry, but full spectrum refers to leaving all the plants cannabinoids and terpenes in tact.
Topicals, salves and balms are the best for letting you target where hurts. These creams allow you to rub anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxing cannabinoids into the area that is sore. You can think of them as natural anti-flam or tiger balm. They have the added benefit of usually not being psychoactive, no matter how much THC they have in them, because your skin will keep the cannabinoids out of your blood stream. Sub-dermal patches are rare, but they are the exception to this rule, because they are designed to pass cannabinoids into your bloodstream through the skin, just don’t ask us how they work.
CBD in pill form best for the person that includes CBD as a supplement to their daily routine. Pills tend to work best for low levels of chronic pain but is also optimal for inflammation managment. Plus, there is no evidence that CBD is any more addictive than the fish oils you take. And if you’re taking fish oil, you should really consider moving over to hemp
Smoking CBD Flower
You can smoke “High CBD” strains of cannabis. These will always be denoted as a ratio, since all cannabis flower has some THC. Usually a high CBD strain will be 14% CBD to 5% THC or something similar, for most people this translates to very little “psychoactive high” and a good amount of pain relief for the body. Popular high CBD strains are Harlequin and Canna-Tsu. The down side to smoking is you’re also inhaling plant matter, which isn’t the best for your lungs.
Vaping removes the downside of inhaling plant material and adds the modern convenience of not needing a lighter, but there is more evidence that vaping could produce different problems, especially with flavoured additives. Generally, vaping “feels easier” than smoking flower, but the process to remove cannabinoids is complicated and tricky. Often this process strips the plant of its full effect, also known as the “entorage effect” (link to Cannabis 1010).
Much like smoking, edibles usually reflect CBD in a ratio, but instead of percentages, it would be milligrams. For instance 1:1 would mean equal parts THC to CBD, which could be 10mg THC and 10mg CBD. Generally 10mg is considered the minimum amount to have an effect, but again it all depends on you and your ECS. Edibles avoid the downside of inhaling plant material like smoking, but can take an unknown amount of time to process in your digestive system, which can leave you wondering when the pain relief is going to show up.